Newman, John Henry


Newman, John Henry
(1801-1890)
   His father was a London banker of Huguenot stock, and after a private education, John graduated without distinction from Trinity College, Oxford, in 1820. He was fellow of Oriel College from 1822 to 1832, when he was forced to resign on a conflict of doctrine. With John Keble (see entry) and Edward Pusey (1800-1882), he was one of the founders of the Oxford Movement, started in 1833 with the object of stressing the Catholic elements in the English religious tradition and of reforming the Church of England. He was an Anglican priest from 1824 to 1843, when he converted to the Roman Catholic faith. He became a priest in 1845 and founded the Oratory at Edgbaston Birmingham in 1848, and was created a cardinal, in Rome, in 1879. He died at Edgbaston and after lying in state at the Oratory, he was buried at Rednall Hill, Birmingham. Some of his hymn/poems: "Christmas Without Christ," "David and Jonathan," "Lead Kingly Light," "Paraphrase of Isaiah, Chap. 64," "Praise to the Holiest in the Height," "The Dream of Gerontius," "The Gift of Tongues," "The Good Samaritan," "Zeal and Patience."
   Sources: An Anthology of Catholic Poets. Shane Leslie, ed. Macmillan, 1952. Collected Poems of John Henry Newman. Fisher Press, 1992. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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